Building facade stone export
Iran is the main player in Building facade stone export. In general, the volume of building stone reserves in the world reaches 15 billion tons, of which Iran has 4 billion tons. Of this amount, about 20 million tons are extracted annually and about 5% is exported. Our country, with its many stone quarries and the extraction and processing of quality building stones, has become the main hub in the export of building facades. Production of all kinds of stones and decorative ceramic tiles in the country in 1998 amounted to 15.5 million tons of stone. Compared to 1397, it shows a growth of 18%. According to customs statistics, the value of decorative stone exports reached $ 270 million last year. Which shows a growth of 35% compared to the previous year.
The export of building facade stone, like the export of ceramic tiles, is done in two ways without cutting or the same cut and cut or the same slabs and tiles. Export of cobblestone due to the sale of raw materials and lack of. Value added is subject to duties. The cut stones are placed in a 20-foot container. And the slab stones are placed on the pallet due to their larger size. Which can be placed in any 20-foot container of 5 or 6 pallets. Slab stones and due to their high sensitivity and large size, placing it in the container requires high care. Tile stones are also smaller due to their size. Inside a wooden box. It can be loaded in both 20-foot and 40-foot containers. Here are the types of building stones:
Types of building stones
As the name implies, building stone. This stone means a stone that is in any shape and size in one of the parts of the building such as foundations, floors, walls, facades, paving roads and yards, bridge walls, floating walls of riverside rivers. Cities, underground buildings, etc. can be used like ceramic tiles. In a general category, its building stones are divided into two categories: foundation stones and decorative facade stones. Which are as follows:
Underlying rocks are rocks. Which is obtained in the form of carcasses, malone, slab, ax, macawam, windbreak in the same way. Used from mountain deposits and mines or deformation. But why is this type of stone called the foundation stone? This is why these stones are mostly used in physical and supporting parts of buildings such as foundations, dams and bridges instead of foam concrete. Which is called the foundation stone.
As for the subject of our discussion, facade stones, stones that fall into the category of decorative and facade stones. Refers to all stones. Which is installed in visible parts of the building. The interior and exterior coverings of the building all fall into the category of facade stones. This is an important feature of these stones compared to buying ceramic tiles. Facade stones are cut in certain sizes and shapes. And can not be used in raw form. What stones can be used in facade stone? Stones used for facade stone. Contains sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic rocks. Facade stones also include:
Building facade stone export with Tamin Paydar Commercial Group
The export of marble building facade stone, which is one of the best stones in the world, is very important. Ordinary marble is known in world markets as Onyx. One of the outstanding features of marble is the passage of light. This rock has been transformed from the category of calcareous rocks and due to its less porosity than travertine rocks. The total number of marble mines in the country is about 652 mines, the largest share with 163 mines belongs to Isfahan province.
Fars province with 76, Khorasan Razavi with 67 and Kurdistan with 51 mines are in the next ranks. In most marbles, you will see many lines that are not touchable or felt at all and have made it more beautiful. The price of this stone depends on several factors such as quality, thickness and.. Therefore, different types of marble have different prices. The higher the quality of the stone, the higher the price.
Granite is a natural rock from the heart of the earth. Granite is one of the heaviest stones and has great strength and resistance. It is noteworthy that this stone can not only play an important role in strengthening the building and smart home, but also due to the variety of colors, as an element to decorate various buildings. This type of rock has a texture with medium to large grains and the minerals in it are found in various colors from pink to bold gray and even black.
These stones are one of the most widely used types of stone in buildings that are used on floors, walls and stairs. Among the most famous granite stones in Iran, we can mention pearl granite, which is abundant in Iran. Granite is available in white, gray, red, white, black, pink, green and blue. In addition to being widely used in the country, granite is one of the most important export stones in Iran.
Travertine is one of the best-selling building stones. These rocks are actually left over from the sediments of hot springs, and the cavities on the rocks are caused by gases trapped in the same hot springs. Travertine is a decorative stone that falls into the category of porous limestone. Currently, there are 52 active travertine mines in the country and 24 active mines are covered by the Association of Stone Mines Owners.
The largest travertine reserves in the Middle East are located in the central provinces, and this city, as the center of stone production, produces 50% of the total travertine mineral in Iran. This stone has a very beautiful appearance and is used as an ornamental stone and facade of residential and office buildings and is one of the most popular and well-known stones around the world. This stone is widely used in the construction of Roman facades and has many sales.
Building facade stone export with Tamin Paydar Commercial Group
Building facade stone export guide
To export stone, the stone seller has to go through some steps. To be able to legally and according to the principles to export their stone:
The most basic thing to export different stones is to have a stone preparation and distribution center with the relevant licenses. Such centers, if they have foreign customers, must first do the basic packaging for export.
At this stage, the stone and ceramics have been agreed between the two parties. They are packaged in the destination country according to international standards. To be ready for shipping and shipment.
Next, the stone seller must obtain all the necessary and export-related permits from the organs, institutions and organizations related to the export of building masonry. So that other steps of stone export can be done without any problem.
If a permit is issued, it is time to transport and transfer the stone to customs. You must receive an export and export declaration at the customs to export the stone.
After completing all customs procedures, the seller must reserve and procure the vehicle to send the stones to the country of origin. Before leaving the country, the seller must send the necessary documents, documents and permits for the export of building facade to the Chamber of Commerce.
After reviewing the sales invoice, the Chamber of Commerce issues a certificate of origin and allows the seller to leave the country. Finally, the stone is exported out of the country through the vehicle and to the country of origin.
What are the features of stone facade?
There are different types of building stones and each has its own characteristics and should be used in accordance with their characteristics. Suitable stone for building facade should have the following characteristics:
Has different types for weather conditions
One of the most important things to consider in choosing the right stone is its durability or resistance to various factors such as impact, pressure and atmospheric factors. Different stones have different strengths according to their structure and constituent minerals that are used in buildings and smart homes, for example in:
Garlic in cold areas
In these areas, since the amount of snow and rain is more, a suitable stone facade must have high durability and resistance. It also has less porosity and cavities. Because otherwise the rain is stuck in the holes. And if the air gets colder, it will break and crush the stone. Therefore, the best facade stones for these areas are granite, porcelain and travertine, respectively. In addition, due to the high cold weather for insulation and energy saving, it should have darker colors.
In hot areas
In these areas, the color of the stone is the most important. Because dark colors absorb more heat. In these areas, it is better to use stones with light colors such as white and cream. In addition, in these areas, due to intense sunlight, if dark stones are used, the stone will fade over time and lose its beauty. That’s why the best stones for this purpose are travertine stones then Chinese. But a rock like granite retains heat. For example, marble is generally not suitable for exterior due to its loss of color in the sun. However, some people use it in the exterior because of its beauty.
In sultry and humid areas
Facade stone suitable for northern provinces and areas with high humidity and rainfall. Must have good porosity and light weight. Because if you do not have. The porosity of the stone does not stick to the mortar and over time, with the penetration of moisture into the facade, the stone separates from the facade. However, the pores on the resin must have been corroded. To prevent water from penetrating into the rock. And prevent water contraction at night and cracking of the stone. So we can conclude. Facade stone suitable for these areas is travertine stone, the most famous of which are Abbasabad travertine, Atashkooh travertine, Darreh Bukhari travertine and.
Building facade stone export with Tamin Paydar Commercial Group
Resistant to environmental pollution
This factor is especially important in industrial cities, especially in southern cities. Because if pollution penetrates into the facade, the stone loses its beauty and becomes cloudy. For example, dark travertines such as date travertine are very suitable for industrial areas with polluted air. Porcelain or granite stones are also easy to clean. But they are not economically viable.
Better adhesion to the facade stone
Different methods are used to install stone in the facade. These include the use of cement mortar and scoops, such as gluing ceramic tiles. Cement slurry method is mainly for stones such as travertine that have good porosity. Used. That’s why. Travertine is the best option for the exterior. But in rocks such as granite that have low porosity, the stone scoop method is used. Proper installation of stone at heights is more important. Because if you make a mistake, the stone will be removed from the facade after a while. And leads to injury. However, in any method of stone installation, a scope must be used. To prevent a possible fall.
Other things to consider when choosing the right stone. Durability or its resistance to various factors such as impact, pressure and atmospheric factors. Different rocks according to the structure and constituent minerals. They have different resistances.
Compatibility with the type of architecture
Suitable stones for different facade styles such as Roman or modern facade stones and متفاوت are different from each other. If you choose the right stone, it will help to make the facade of the building more beautiful. For this purpose, you can consult with architects and designers in this regard.
Their size and thickness
Usually the stones are cut in different dimensions in the factory. And all kinds of payments are made on them according to the type of stone. The most famous dimensions are tiles, slabs and longitudinal. The most commonly used dimensions in facades are tile and longitudinal dimensions and in a number of buildings slabs. Which can be done in patterned stones by creating bookmatch and formch. Achieved very beautiful views.
Prices of facade stones
Finally, in the beginning, the most important thing that is very much considered by the builders. The amount of budget and price of different stones. Because as mentioned, stone has a wide price range. That is why dear builders should pay attention. That initially the amount of budget they can. Spend in this field. Consider and then choose the best stone according to what is said.
For this purpose, in order to inquire about the price of stone facade, as well as to export building stone facade and to receive the advice of the experts of Tamin Paydar (Central) Trading Company, they are ready to answer all your questions.